Kidney disease is one of the most common diseases in the world and is a major public health problem in the world including Thailand. Referring to Ministry of Public Health’s data, in 2015, approximately 8 million Thai people or 17.6% of Thai population suffered from Chronic Kidney Disease. Kidney disease can be categorized into 2 groups: acute kidney disease (few cases) and chronic kidney disease (most cases). The major risk factors for chronic kidney disease are diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, high blood lipid levels. The diseases can be found more in people age over 60 years.)
Cystatin C is a protein in the blood that is filtered by kidneys and acts as an indicator of kidney function. It is found in both tissues and fluids in the body which prevents connective tissue from being destroyed by enzymes that work within the cells and play a role in preventing bacterial and viral infections. In normal people, Cystatin C is released into the bloodstream in constant volume and is filtered through glomerulus, which refrain Cystatin C to reverse into the bloodstream. If renal and glomerular filtration does not function well, Cystatin C levels in the blood will beincreased.
Comparing Cystatin C with Creatinine in early stage of kidney disease:
Cystatin C is a better marker than creatinine in early stage of kidney disease. Cystatin C can show early renal abnormalities better than creatinine because of its better precision and clinical sensitivity to renal function and better correlation with eGFR (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate). Besides creatinine is affected by muscle mass and food intake. Creatinine is also insufficient in early stage of kidney disease surveillance, as it is detected when kidney function is damaged by 50 %.
The test should be under the discretion of a physician. | The mentioned test is performed by the laboratory with ISO 15189 certification and lab accreditation.
*This operation schedule is for the test performed at N Health head quarter, Bangkok. **Above turnaround time does not include logistic time. For BDMS network hospitals, please contact N Health laboratory located at your hospitals.
1. J Med Tech Assoc Thailand, Vol. 41 No. 2, August 2013 Study of Cystatin C Level for Detection of Renal Dysfunction with Tenofovir Treatment in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
2. http://www.boe.moph.go.thเอกสารสื่อประชาสัมพันธ์ “โรคไต ภัยร้ายใกล้ตัว”จัดทำ โดยกรมควบคุมโรคกระทรวงสาธารณสุขเผยแพร่ท
3. http://www.heart.bmj.com Cystatin C as a predictive marker of renal dysfunction and mid-term outcomes following off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting :Seung Hyun Lee, Young-Nam Youn, Hyun Chel Choo, Sak Lee, Kyung-Jong Yoo
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